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Tree Shapes

  • By W RYAN
  • 14 Mar, 2017

How is a tree supposed to look?


When we look at trees, or we think of a tree we picture a perfectly round shape. No bits sticking out or ruining the perfect lines.

In reality this is rarely the case. We as people choose to have our trees pruned in to rounded, perfect shapes. Quite often trees will have a limb jutting out or a brunch dangling low and this is how they are formed naturally.

Trees are living organisms and are designed to grow as tall and as wide as they are physiologically allowed. In each branch tip, there is something called Apical dominance, this is basically the branches way of trying to out compete its rival branch.

By pruning the tree and removing this apical dominance something else must take over. If the tree is pruned correctly and is reduced back to a suitable growth point, adventitious buds are controlled and new shoots are restrained.

If, however we cut back the branches to a stub to form the perfect shape the apical dominance is lost and is unable to control the adventitious buds. This, in the coming growing season, will result in a multitude of straight up right shoots forming from the pruning cut (topping cut), ultimately resulting in a thicker denser tree, which presumably is why it was cut in the first place.

As a rule of thumb, all pruning cuts should be made to a growth point one third of the diameter of the branch being pruned!

If in doubt, please call Evoke tree services ltd and we will offer free advice on the best pruning methods for your trees.

By W RYAN 10 Oct, 2017

As a small tree contractor, we run two 3.5-ton trucks. We don’t fill them up every day but for arguments sake this could be as much as 3 tons of waste (woodchip/logs) per day. Do the maths for weeks/months and a year and we have approximately 765 tons of accumulated waste over a year.

As I said we are a small contractor with two trucks. Imagine a large tree surgery business with 20/30 or even 40 trucks going out!! So where does all this waste go??

Well for us the wood chip gets taken to various farms (at a cost). This is then heaped up in a huge pile and occasionally turned. The more oxygen you get through the wood chip the better it breaks down. Come harvest time and once the crop is off the farmers field the farmer then ploughs the wood chip back into the ground. This then hopefully increase nutrients in the soil improving the yield of the farmers crop!

The logwood is taken back to our yard, cut in to rings and then split, stored and dried ready for selling on the next year as firewood for wood burning stoves etc

Some of the bigger companies will store their wood chip and sell it on for bio mass, that though is a whole other topic!

By W RYAN 07 Jul, 2017

Giving Something Back


We have been planting a lot of trees and shrubs recently. It is always nice to be able to give something back to nature, but it’s not just as easy as digging a hole and throwing a bit of water down.

Firstly, Selection.  Make sure what your planting is suitable for the space, soil conditions and the impact it may have in 15-20 years’ time?

Secondly, Digging the whole.  The whole should ideally be dug around twice the size of the rootball you are planting. Make sure to loosen any girdling roots. Back fill the whole with existing soil material and make sure the roots are in good contact with the soil.

Thirdly, Staking. If it needs staking make sure the stake isn’t attached too high up the trunk. We want to be able to give support to the tree but also allow the roots and trunk to strengthen up. Remove stake after a year to 18 months.

Lastly Watering.  It’s imperative not to over water your tree but also to make sure it’s watered enough. Too much will not allow the roots to breath and the may suffer from anaerobic shock. Not enough and, well we all know what happens when a tree doesn’t get enough water.

 

Good luck planting!

By W RYAN 16 May, 2017

We often get asked how long it will take to carry out the works on a customer’s tree. With a fair few years’ experience behind me I feel I can give a good account of this.

There are obviously certain things that can affect this. For instance, a greenhouse under the tree, a tree at the end of a very long garden or maybe a tree with lots of phone wires passing through it. Wind, if the wind is blowing in the wrong direction this can make throwing the branches out quite tricky. Rain can have a massive bearing on how quickly a tree can be worked on. Some trees with thick fissured bark are not so bad while others like Sycamores, Limes and Planes can be like ice rinks.

Another point to consider is the ground staff. A saying in tree work is that “a climber is only as good as his groundsman”. If the groundsman is struggling to clear the branches accumulating beneath the tree then there is no point the climber keep cutting branches. There is nothing worse than walking back to the tree from a trip to the wood chipper and finding a bigger pile of branches than when you left. Not good for morale!

So, if the conditions are correct, there are no obstructions below the tree, the climber and the ground staff are working in positive harmony then the works can be carried out in an efficient time and manner.

We always seem to get the customer commenting on how quick we carried out the job. I take this as a positive, With 17 years’ experience, the right equipment and the right guys trained correctly we operate in an effective and efficient manner

 

By W RYAN 29 Mar, 2017

Follow this simple guide to hiring the right tree surgeon in Welwyn Garden City and the surrounding area, so you get the best job for your trees

Experience

Beware of unqualified people putting themselves forward as tree surgeons in Welwyn Garden City and the local area. Whether recommended or found via internet search, don’t be afraid to ask to see credentials. Look for membership of the International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) and the Arboricultural Association (AA). One such local company is Evoke Tree Services Ltd

If you employ people who don’t know what they are doing they could badly damage and even kill your trees.

Insurance

Most reputable firms will carry a copy of their insurance certificate in their truck. No one wants an accident to occur but it does happen so make sure they’re covered.

Local authority checks

No matter how big or small your job, tree checks need to be made before any work can be carried out to ascertain if a tree preservation order (TPO) is in place or if you are in a conservation area. You could get a fine of up to £20,000 and a criminal record if you’re found guilty.

Get a quote

All works that are to be carried out should be fully detailed and have clear costings. Also make sure it includes all of the company’s details.

Waste

Finally be certain that the waste is being disposed of correctly and that the tree surgeon has a valid waste carriers licence. If waste is fly tipped you will also be prosecuted.

Follow these guidelines and you'll get a great job and healthy, great looking trees! If in doubt, please call Evoke Tree Services Ltd

By W RYAN 14 Mar, 2017


When we look at trees, or we think of a tree we picture a perfectly round shape. No bits sticking out or ruining the perfect lines.

In reality this is rarely the case. We as people choose to have our trees pruned in to rounded, perfect shapes. Quite often trees will have a limb jutting out or a brunch dangling low and this is how they are formed naturally.

Trees are living organisms and are designed to grow as tall and as wide as they are physiologically allowed. In each branch tip, there is something called Apical dominance, this is basically the branches way of trying to out compete its rival branch.

By pruning the tree and removing this apical dominance something else must take over. If the tree is pruned correctly and is reduced back to a suitable growth point, adventitious buds are controlled and new shoots are restrained.

If, however we cut back the branches to a stub to form the perfect shape the apical dominance is lost and is unable to control the adventitious buds. This, in the coming growing season, will result in a multitude of straight up right shoots forming from the pruning cut (topping cut), ultimately resulting in a thicker denser tree, which presumably is why it was cut in the first place.

As a rule of thumb, all pruning cuts should be made to a growth point one third of the diameter of the branch being pruned!

If in doubt, please call Evoke tree services ltd and we will offer free advice on the best pruning methods for your trees.

By W RYAN 07 Mar, 2017
  • Cutting overhanging branches from a neighbour’s tree.

    Most people assume that it is perfectly ok to cut off overhanging branches from their neighbour’s tree and discard the branches back over the fence into their neighbour’s garden.

    Whilst the first part is legitimate (subject to planning), the second would be a criminal act of fly tipping. So it is therefore your obligation to make sure the branches are disposed of in the correct manor.

  • Copper nails killing trees

    It has long been a myth that embedding copper nails into a tree will kill it. This however is not the case. Trees are quite tolerant of copper, in fact copper is actually part of the components of some proteins required for photosynthesis

  • Evergreens do not drop leaves

    Whilst we all know in autumn that deciduous trees drop their leaves, it’s often thought that evergreen trees keep their leaves year round. However evergreen tree tend to shed their leaves through the whole year constantly producing new leaves.

  • Topping trees

    Topping trees goes back hundreds of years. It was once thought as good practice to maintain a trees crown and root spread. In fact all this practice has achieved are generations of mutilated trees which suffer from large wounds, stress, weak attachment points, decay and generally produce more growth than previously cut off.

  • Tree wounds can heal themselves

    When a tree is wounded either by human actions or by nature its self a wound is created. The tree will then start to coalesce the wound by producing reaction wood. This will, in time cover the old wound. However, this is not the tree healing its self, this is the trees form of defence. By putting up a boundary it can protect its self from all sorts of infections.

 

By W RYAN 15 Feb, 2017

How much does it cost to cut a tree?

 

This is a question we get asked a lot, I try not to answer with “how long is a piece of string” but sometimes I can’t help myself!

The truth is there is no real answer. There are so many things that need to be considered.

·        Travel time to and from the job

·        Parking facilities

·        Access

·        Work to be carried out

·        Hazards

·        Local authority checks

·        Disposal of arisings

I’m sure there are a few more that I’m missing.

Then there are the costs involved to run a tree business to be able to carry out the works.

·        Travel costs

·        Insurance

·        Training costs

·        Equipment

·        Waste fees.

For example, to reduce a small tree in the back of a terraced house with no side access 20 miles or so away with a greenhouse underneath.

The cost of this is going to be far greater than a medium sized tree to be reduced 5 miles away located in the front garden with nothing underneath.

The common factor is I we still need the same personnel, the same equipment, the same insurance costs, the same qualifications, the same checks still need to be made etc.

This all said, Evoke tree services Ltd are more than happy to come and provide you with a detailed quotation specific to your needs. We will happily provide you with information regarding your trees, guidance on pruning and maintenance. This will then be sent over to you either by letter or email for your convenience.

Do not except less, get it in writing. Any professional business will only operate in this fashion, which protects both client and business owner!

By W RYAN 15 Feb, 2017
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